Imaging

Many people think that if their back hurts, they should have an x-ray or other type of imaging procedure (MRI or CT scan). In fact, according to The State of Oregon Evidence-Based Clinical Guidelines Project, if your back pain is the typical type caused by muscle or...

Atrophy

Atrophy (shrinking) of spinal muscles is a common finding associated with back pain. Early studies have reported atrophy and abnormalities of the spinal muscles in up to 80% of people with chronic back pain. More recently, researchers have discovered that atrophy...

Can Spinal Surgery Be Prevented by Aggressive Strengthening Exercise? A Prospective Study of Cervical and Lumbar Patients

Archives of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation January 1999 Volume 80, Number 1 Brian W. Nelson, MD, David M. Carpenter, MS, Thomas E. Dreisinger, PhD., Michelle Mitchell, PTA, Charles E. Kelly, MD, Joseph A Wegner, MD Study Outcomes & Clinical Relevance:...