Surface Electromyography-Verified Muscular Damage Associated with the Open Dorsal Approach to the Lumbar Spine

European Spine Journal October 2001 Volume 10, Number 5 Kramer M, Katzmaier P, Eisele R, Ebert V, Kinzl L, Hartwig E Study Outcomes & Clinical Relevance: The dorsal approach for surgeries to repair vertebral fractures causes damage patterns in the muscles that...